Uday Nagri CaveIn the 7th century, the prosperous town of Vidisha, suddenly, pulled up its roots and shifted to the far bank of the great river Betwa.

It was an inexplicable migration because there is no doubt that the old Vidisha was one of the richest cities in India and was closely associated with Sanchi and the Emperor who erected the first monument in the Buddhist center. Much of Vidisha’s continuing prosperity arose from the fact that it was both on the river Betwa and it straddled two important trade routes. One linked the weaving town of Paithan, to the ancient capital of Ujjain, then through Vidisha and on to the Buddhist pilgrim center of Kausambi. The other one started from the Arabian Sea port of Bhuaruch passed through Vidisha, and led city of Mathura. A branch of this road stretched out from Vidisha through the valley of the Betwa river to the Mauryan capital of Patalipurtar. India’s Milton, the poet Kalidas, described Vidisha  as a place where everybody could become as rich as heart desired.

  • Heliodorous Pillar.
  • Vidisha Museum.
  • Udaygiri Caves.

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