Located in Dhamtari district, Sitanadi Wildlife sanctuary was established in 1974. The sanctuary covers an area of 556 sq km, comprising highly undulating hills with altitudes ranging between 327 m to 736 m. The beautiful sanctuary derives its name from the Sitanadi River that originates in the middle of the sanctuary and joins the Mahanadi near Deok hut.
The fauna in sanctuary in Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary chiefly comprises sal, teak and bamboo forests. Other major plants in the sanctuary include semal, mahua, harra ber and tendu. The rich and lush vegetation cover supports a wide variety of wildlife in the sanctuary, including tiger, leopard, flying squirrel, jackal, four-horned antelope, chinkara, black buck, jungle cat, barking deer, porcupine, monkey, hyena, sloth bear, wild dog, chital, sambhar, nilgai, gaur, muntjac, wild boar, cobra and python among many others it is also being developed as an important tiger sanctuary in the region.
The sanctuary is at a distance of 173 kms from the state capital, Raipur, which is also the nearest airport. Dhamtari Railway Station (95 Kms) is the nearest railhead. Sitanadi Sanctuary is easily approachable through the Raipur-Deobhog State Highway. Ranging from Sal, Teak to Terminalia the floral variety of Sitanadi wildlife Sanctuary is incomparable.
Bearing hard wood required for making furniture these trees are unique in their own ways. In an attempt to protect the endangered species from the fatal hand of poachers and from the terrible environmental hazards, Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary was established in the year 1974 under Wild Life protection act in 1972. It is henceforth a bio-geographical province. The Indo Gangetic plain has deliberately been chosen as a home to these animal species in order to ensure a proper spote for sustenance where water problem.